Year 2018, Issue 1

Date published

25.3.2018

CONTENTS

  • Borislav Borisov
    THE ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY INDEX OF STATE ADMINISTRATION
    JEL: 0, 1, 7.
    Abstract: This paper is based on a research conducted among 80 administration groups of the executive authority. The aim of the survey was to measure the administrative capacity of those groups by 44 indicators. Respondents were selected... This paper is based on a research conducted among 80 administration groups of the executive authority. The aim of the survey was to measure the administrative capacity of those groups by 44 indicators. Respondents were selected according to the structure of the state administration formed by the number of employees in each unit of administration. The findings of the research were analysed by computing the average values of the scores of capacity; by employing average weighted values and by determining the uncertainty factor when assessing the capacity of different structures of state administration. We have designed a new, aggregate index for measuring administrative capacity the Index of the administrative capacity of state administration for good governance. By employing that index, we are able to monitor the systematic progress in terms of current concepts about administrative capacity, applicable to the entire system of state administration.
  • Dariusz Nowak
    THE CORE COMPETENCES OF POLISH INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
    JEL: L20.
    Abstract: Among many methods of strategic management, special attention should be put to the concept of core competences, which is an excellent and modern tool of competitiveness. Its essence comes to the belief that the differentiated... Among many methods of strategic management, special attention should be put to the concept of core competences, which is an excellent and modern tool of competitiveness. Its essence comes to the belief that the differentiated framework of leading economic activities forces the use of different ways of achieving its objectives. Such is the way it is described by a set of unique, rare, and above all, personalized assets, which together form the specificity and nature of the organization. Taking into account the importance of the concept of core competences in strategic activities of the company, the purpose of the article was to identify and assess the basic attributes of the organization and present them in a comprehensive range. The theoretical part was developed on the basis of analysis of Polish and English-language bibliography, the empirical part was based on surveys conducted on a sample of 192 entities representing the industrial enterprises operating in Poland. Analysis of the answers allowed concluding that the main core competences of Polish enterprises are: the quality of product and services, staff qualifications, flexibility, clearly defined goals, and ability to adapt to the environment.
  • Valentina Staneva
    PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE FOR USING ACOUNTING ESTIMATES IN CORPORATE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
    JEL: M41.
    Abstract: The IAS adopted in Bulgaria following its accession to the European Union introduced some new terms in the field of accounting, such as accounting policy, accounting estimate, and accounting error. Generally, the indigenous... The IAS adopted in Bulgaria following its accession to the European Union introduced some new terms in the field of accounting, such as accounting policy, accounting estimate, and accounting error. Generally, the indigenous scepticism of professional accountants is an obstacle to their accepting the new knowledge and points of view and subsequently applying them in practice. The aim of this paper is to investigate the possibilities of unifying the professional competence of accountants and auditors in terms of using accounting estimates in financial statements of non-financial enterprises in compliance with the accounting legislation in force. In order to achieve this aim, the author has tried to outline the different meanings attributed to this term by accountants and auditors in related standards.
  • Radi Dimitrov
    POSSIBILITIES FOR OPTIMIZING THE REPORTING OF MONETARY FUNDS IN THE BANK ACCOUNTS OF BUDGETARY ORGANIZATIONS
    JEL: M 41.
    Abstract: A survey of the used models of accounting reporting of public sector funds in banks has found that it is necessary to achieve a bigger correspondence between the content of the reported item and the definitions established by the... A survey of the used models of accounting reporting of public sector funds in banks has found that it is necessary to achieve a bigger correspondence between the content of the reported item and the definitions established by the theory, practice and legislation in the field of accounting. The study offers effective possibilities for optimization of the reporting of the budgetary organizations monetary funds in banks through the use of an appropriate system of accounts.
  • Natalia F. Altukhova, Elena V. Vasileva, Vitaliy Yemelyanov
    HOW TO ADD VALUE TO BUSINESS BY EMPLOYING DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES AND TRANSFORMING MANAGEMENT APPROACHES
    JEL: M15, L86.
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to present the experience in the management of enterprises at different levels: from optimising business processes to introducing strategic business development. We have analysed the experience in creating... The aim of this study is to present the experience in the management of enterprises at different levels: from optimising business processes to introducing strategic business development. We have analysed the experience in creating digital metallurgy in Russia and present the experience in implementing a smart system for monitoring and diagnostics of line equipment at the Alchevsk metallurgical plant. The article reviews major issues related to the introduction of artificial intelligence systems so as to exercise automated control over production processes. These issues refer to the deterioration and depreciation of production assets which is caused by the reallocation of funds for the modernisation of production and the unpreparedness of staff for the introduction of new systems. Digital technologies provide new opportunities for managing corporate resources and initiating profitable activities. The article also reviews applying Design Thinking techniques and tools to the training and education of specialists for the digital economy. Entrepreneurial skills, out-of-the-box thinking, the ability to work in teams and to make decisions are essential competencies which must be acquired by students during their academic training so that businesses could be prepared for their digital transformation.