Year 2014, Issue 3

Date published

15.9.2014

CONTENTS

  • Atanas Atanasov
    CONTEMPORARY CONTENT AND RESTRICTIVE MOMENTS REGARDING DOCUMENTING IN ACCOUNTING
    JEL: М41
    Abstract: This article researches the contemporary content and restrictive moments regarding documenting in accounting. It analyses and delineates the specific aspects of accounting documentation. It also makes an attempt to highlight the... This article researches the contemporary content and restrictive moments regarding documenting in accounting. It analyses and delineates the specific aspects of accounting documentation. It also makes an attempt to highlight the specific characteristics of documenting in accounting, as emphasis is placed on its key role in the reporting process of a company. It also clarifies the leading theoretical and applied significance of documenting as an element of accounting methodology. Finally, a conclusion is drawn that, despite the constant dynamics and development of social and economic relations, the documenting of accounting transactions and processes is still a reliable source of information about the assets and the activities of a company. This determines the substantiated attempts towards its permanent improvement by building an information system for the accounting unit and is a prerequisite for the construction of an orderly and adequate accounting system for timely and complete encapsulatioin of the assets and the financial state of a company.
  • Plamen Yordanov
    AGE AS A DETERMINANT OF PENSIONS FOR INSURANCE PERIODS AND OLD AGE IN BULGARIA
    JEL: Н55
    Abstract: Age is one of the qualifying conditions which entitle insured persons to receive cash benefits from insurances for old age. Nevertheless, at this stage, the practice of linking the amount of pensions to the age at which they are... Age is one of the qualifying conditions which entitle insured persons to receive cash benefits from insurances for old age. Nevertheless, at this stage, the practice of linking the amount of pensions to the age at which they are awarded is rather limited in pensions insurance practice. The objective of this research is to study the significance of age to the pension insurance systems of EU states and hence propose a mechanism which makes it possible to link the amount of pensions for insurance periods and age in Bulgaria to the average life expectancy after retirement.
  • Bogdan Stetsenko
    THE EFFECT OF ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION ON THE ACTIVITIES OF NON-STATE PENSION FUNDS IN UKRAINE
    Abstract: This paper considers the impact of information asymmetry on the activities of non-government pension funds in Ukraine. Based on the established model of non-governmental pensions in Ukraine, it looks at peculiarities in the... This paper considers the impact of information asymmetry on the activities of non-government pension funds in Ukraine. Based on the established model of non-governmental pensions in Ukraine, it looks at peculiarities in the formation of information flows in the operation of non-government pension funds (NPF). It has been determined that information asymmetry has the most significant effect on the activities of Ukrainian NPF at two levels: first, in the context of access to information for current and potential members of non-governmental pension provision; secondly, due to the low transparency of the corporate sector, which reduces the possibility of the efficient investment of pension assets. It has also been established that overcoming information asymmetries in the market of non-government pensions is possible only if government regulatory efforts are synchronised and effective financial communication at the level of the NPF is implemented for issuers of securities and other market participants.
  • Andrey Burachenko
    MEDIUM-TERM PLANNING AND BUDGETING AT A LOCAL LEVEL
    JEL: Н61, Н72
    Abstract: This article discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of medium-term planning and budgeting at local level in contemporary Ukraine. The author emphasises that the completion of functions by local authority bodies in Ukraine... This article discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of medium-term planning and budgeting at local level in contemporary Ukraine. The author emphasises that the completion of functions by local authority bodies in Ukraine require the realisation of effective measures and actions guaranteed by corresponding budgetary programmes. One significant aspect of the problem is the effectiveness of monitoring the completion of local budget programmes. The article contains particular proposals regarding the budgetary reform carried out in Ukraine – the introduction of medium-term budget planning at both state and local level.
  • Aneliya Paneva
    COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT OF THE GENERAL INSURANCE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
    JEL: D4, G22
    Abstract: Insurance companies in Bulgaria develop their business in a market economy. Therefore, insurers are constantly striving to achieve competitive advantage. As a result of the competitive struggle between companies in the insurance... Insurance companies in Bulgaria develop their business in a market economy. Therefore, insurers are constantly striving to achieve competitive advantage. As a result of the competitive struggle between companies in the insurance market, an appropriate range of products is offered at the best possible conditions and consumer prices, and the quality and efficiency of the insurance protection is increased. The present article determines the shape and strength of competition in the general insurance market in Bulgaria for the period 2008-2012. It was found that only in mass contracting of insurances, the insurance companies operate in highly competitive environments. The market of less popular insurances is characterized by an oligopolistic structure. In the offering of some of them, there is even monopoly.