Abstract: The nature of developing tourism as a business depends largely on the objectives pursued and on the demand of the tourists it attracts as customers. To determine the nature of the modern tourist business in Bulgaria, this article focuses on the quality and characteristics of its realisation as an industry. The aim is to determine whether best examples or negative practice prevails in the tourism business in this country. The presented formulation implies a comparative analysis of tourism in Austria and Bulgaria, based on criteria that reveal its core characteristics from the perspective of market competition and the principles of sustainable development. Parallels are sought between the impact of economic reforms in Bulgaria in the period of transition and the present tourism business in the country.
Abstract: Purpose: The main objective of the research is achieving human development in Egyptian chemical companies, increasing the rate of productivity and technological development through the strategic impact of technological entrepreneurship and building authority in the business world at local, regional and global level.
Practical implications: The state seeks to adopt the technological entrepreneurship of Egyptian chemical companies in order to achieve human development in the light of the Strategy of Sustainable Development.
Originality/value: The approach of technological entrepreneurship should be adopted in companies with the aim of developing sustainable human resources. The research paper covers the human development framework of chemical companies.
Findings: The dimensions of technological entrepreneurship have a strategic role in building technological production plans and programmes for the chemical companies that achieve the highest performance rate of human development.