Abstract: The nature of developing tourism as a business depends largely on the objectives pursued and on the demand of the tourists it attracts as customers. To determine the nature of the modern tourist business in Bulgaria, this article focuses on the quality and characteristics of its realisation as an industry. The aim is to determine whether best examples or negative practice prevails in the tourism business in this country. The presented formulation implies a comparative analysis of tourism in Austria and Bulgaria, based on criteria that reveal its core characteristics from the perspective of market competition and the principles of sustainable development. Parallels are sought between the impact of economic reforms in Bulgaria in the period of transition and the present tourism business in the country.
Abstract: Maintaining high competitiveness in tourism (in particular, in the hotel business) contributes both to the long-term development and the management of regions and to the sustainable and competitive development of regional tourist destinations. This article presents issues related to the competitiveness of tourism in Bulgaria through evaluating the hotel services offered to visiting tourists. The results obtained are based on a survey of four hotels (located on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast) conducted in August 2012. The article consists of two parts: an analysis of the services offered in the hotels monitored (front desk service, an assessment of the rooms and the restaurant at the related hotel and grading nine types of services) and an evaluation of the satisfaction of the tourists interviewed regarding the services offered. The study specifies the quality characteristics of the services in the hotels surveyed and the importance of these services according to the perceptions of the tourists interviewed. On this basis, the degree of satisfaction of tourists regarding the services offered has been determined and guidelines have been given on how to improve the quality characteristics of these hotels.
Abstract: Collaborative consumption is a current global trend which is changing the way in which people use goods and services. This trend also affects the state of the tourism market. With reference to this the article studies the increased use of this business model nowadays by outlining its main characteristic features and the reasons that have caused its appearance. In addition, the article classifies the wide variety of services and products that fall within the scope of this model. Special attention is paid to the factors which limit and stimulate its development. The article also provides a summary of the most widely used digital platforms for sharing tourism – related services. In conclusion, it systematizes the advantages and disadvantages of collaborative consumption and its effects on the conventional supply of tourism products and services.