Abstract: The issies of motivational attitudes and the studies in this field have always been relevent with reference to the dynamics of the business environment and the fast changes in them within this context. For this reason, there are numerour previous theoretical, methodological and practical studies which do not bellitle the importance of any subsequent study.
In connection with the above mentioned, the present survey studies and analyses the motivation of employees and managers of business structures and public administration. Its aim is to analyse and make a comparative analysis of the motivation of managers and employees working in business organizations and in the public administration and the attitudes of young people who study business towards their future professional realization.
The study is structured in three parts which outline the theoretical and methodological foundations of motivation, the motivational profile and competences; present the results of the administered questionnaires; summarize the findings and draw conclusions.
Abstract: Numerous researches show how motivation of employees influence the labor productivity, business performance and goal achievement. Even though studies often show that employees tend to report enjoying their jobs, however organisations continuously face with staff turnover due to various reasons, and therefore fail to fulfill its objectives. This paper reflects upon classical and modern views of motivation aspects. And the research includes different entities all around Kosovo that bring an insight into the present situation pertaining to motivation of employees and possibly identify potential mistakes and suggestion for the process improvements within organisations. According to results, the turnover average rate in investigated enterprises is within a natural range. Meanwhile the, management is advised to make the employees aware that rewards are recognition of a job well done and not simply the goal of doing the work. Whilst, bonuses in cash prevails dominantly the motivation system in investigated enterprises, many of them seem to use evaluation of performance as a tool for remuneration policy. Whereas in most cases remuneration depends on the annual profit of the enterprise, reasons for leaving are not being recorded in a system. Yet, financial incentives are an important motivator for most people, money is not the only motivator and, in some cases, is not the primary motivator for everyone. A qualitative approach and theory based application were considered for this study.
Abstract: In this paper, statistical analysis of indicators of innovative growth in the Republic of Kazakhstan was conducted. The indicators were compared to those of technologically advanced countries, in particular to such indices as: the share of innovation-active enterprises, domestic spending on research and development (Percentage to GDP), total researchers equivalent per thousand total employments, and amount of research conducted. As the results of the academic research, key factors that have a major influence on innovative activity of the SME were determined.
Purpose – disclose the nature and content of the human factor of the economy in terms of becoming an innovative society, to examine the role of the human factor in the innovative development of the state.
Methodology - Research was composed to measure variation in the economic development and innovation in Kazakhstan required in times of increasing global competition.
Conclusions - Today, the State is significantly lagging behind other developed countries according to innovation driven indices. The Republic of Kazakhstan can be competitive by shifting to a new model of economic growth and by rapidly reducing lag. The State requires an effective strategy of innovative development, which consists primarily in the development of human potential and employment of citizens. Integration of education, science and industry, the development of education on the basis of modern science and technology have become today one of the priority directions of economic development.