Abstract: The management process is directed towards achieving certain goals. Its realisation is affected by a multitude of factors, including the habits of managers and their subordinates. Consciously or unconsciously, habits determine the behaviours of individuals in their personal and working lives. When the personal and work habits affect positively the manner of making decisions, the completion of particular tasks, the achievement of goals, etc., this can result in either an effective or ineffective management process. The combination of positive and negative habits places individuals in different situations at their work place, which in turn requires from managers to interfere adequately. They should look for opportunities for managing both their and their subordinates’ habits. This demands from them to be able to use their leadership skills as well as to have thorough knowledge of the habit formation process.
Abstract: The behaviour of individuals in a specific situation is determined by their personality traits, the features of the organisation and the specifics of the situation. It is therefore essential that those parameters could be diagnosed promptly and reliably. After studying a number of phenomena that describe individuals’ behaviour in a particular situation, the locus of control and organizational commitment were identified to be the two most useful constructs for assessing organizational environment and predicting probable behaviour of the human factor in organisations. After measuring the values of the two constructs in companies operating in the in the Shipbuilding and ship repair sector in District Varna, it was estab-lished that those constructs have a good predictive value for the situational behaviour of the human factor during a crisis in an organisation.
Abstract: The paper seeks a plausible explanation of the magnitude of equity risk premium, by modeling leading behavioral concepts in the conditions of Bulgarian capital market. Firstly, the fair equity risk premium is derived by basic neoclassical consumption-based model. Subsequently, the conducted comparison between fair and empirical risk premium indicates that the demanded compensation by investors for owning Bulgarian stocks cannot be rationally explained, i.e. there is an equity risk premium puzzle on BSE. On this basis, we have applied a behavioral model based on two well-known characteristics of human behavior in conditions of risk and uncertainty – loss aversion and narrow framing. Set at reasonable levels of risk and loss aversion, the model has managed to generate risk-free rate and market returns close to empirical levels.
Abstract: The successful managerial communication is one of the most widely spread and complex problems of social organizations. It also determines the effectiveness of the management process. The managerial skills are of key importance for the positive communication and successful realization of management activities. These skills are instrumental for the development and improvement of the new social and economic relationships in our society, which functions under the conditions of the increasingly globalizing 21st century economy.