Abstract: Regardless of the increasing role of technology, the main factor of each system are people with their qualities and experience. The fact that nowadays the majority of activities related to collecting, summarising and systematizing of information are carried out by information technologies does not diminish the role of individuals in terms of analysing the results, decision-making and developing an overall company strategy.
To stimulate the creativity of their key employees, companies use different methods of financial incentives. The aim of conducting such policy, on one hand, is to increase employees’ motivation to work and at the same time to encourage their long-term involvement in and commitment to the future of the company.
The object of study in this article is the accounting interpretation of some basic approaches (forms) to financial incentives of bank staff.
Abstract: The period from 2010 to 2019 may be defined as a post-crisis stage in the historic development of the global economy. This refers to Bulgarian economy as well, which went through a recession to then reach a situation of full employment. The recovery of global markets is obviously a major factor which raises the interest of both local and foreign investors. The dynamics and the structure of the capital funds invested in the local economy and those invested abroad are indicative of the confidence in the domestic market. They give an accurate idea about the economic environment in the country and the mid-term prospects for its development. The main objective of this research is to analyse the characteristics of and the trends in the changes of capital funds invested in Bulgaria and those invested in foreign economies and markets.
Abstract: The paper seeks a plausible explanation of the magnitude of equity risk premium, by modeling leading behavioral concepts in the conditions of Bulgarian capital market. Firstly, the fair equity risk premium is derived by basic neoclassical consumption-based model. Subsequently, the conducted comparison between fair and empirical risk premium indicates that the demanded compensation by investors for owning Bulgarian stocks cannot be rationally explained, i.e. there is an equity risk premium puzzle on BSE. On this basis, we have applied a behavioral model based on two well-known characteristics of human behavior in conditions of risk and uncertainty – loss aversion and narrow framing. Set at reasonable levels of risk and loss aversion, the model has managed to generate risk-free rate and market returns close to empirical levels.
Abstract: Corporate financing requires sufficient knowledge on the two basic elements of liability as a component of financial balance: long-term and short-term equity. Respectively the article analyzes the ratios at which company investment may be carried out by equity and various issues of positive and negative equity structure are being outlined as well. Certain recommendations are being made for optimizing owners’ equity and debt capital in order to achieve an effective investment policy. Spe¬cial attention has been drawn on capital management practices in Bulgarian compa¬nies recognizing those practices’ constant need of improvement and development.