Abstract: The application of Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements, and related reports of certain types of undertakings required the introduction of some changes in current accounting regulations in Bulgaria. This paper focuses on issues related to applying the new Accountancy Act and some of the contradictions which have arisen as a result.
Abstract: The evolution of financial analysis is accompanied by an extensive use of indicators whose calculation is based on data provided both by entities in their financial statements and by financial markets. The analysis of data and indicators generated by the capital market is considered to be of primary importance when studying the financial position of enterprises. This view is supported by a substantial number of analysts and, although not applicable to all enterprises, it raises a number of questions, two of them being whether the new analytical indicators are replacing the classic indicators of financial statement analysis and whether financial statements have retained their fundamental role as a primary source of data in studying the financial position of enterprises. The objective of this paper is to answer these questions by approaching the interpretation of financial statements within the context of some unorthodox views about the evolution of financial analysis.
Abstract: The paper presents the results of a survey carried out by the author among practising accountants in Bulgaria regarding the publication of research and development (R&D) disclosures in the financial statements of innovative enterprises. The aim is to study some of the potential reasons for the current accounting practice of underestimating the mandatory and voluntary disclosure of R&D data. The adopted research methods are based on logical, deductive and comparative methods. The study results encourage literature development by presenting a more in-depth analysis of the factors influencing R&D data disclosure by Bulgarian enterprises.
Abstract: Financial statements must present the property, financial position, and performance of entities truly and honestly. Managers, however, may influence users’ perception of information by altering the manner in which this information is presented in financial statements. The objective of this paper is to employ a slightly different approach based on the specific features of the parties involved in the information-exchange process, i.e. users (with their expectations and constraints) and managers (with their goals and motives) and review different methods and techniques applied by managers to manipulate users’ perception of the information presented in financial statements.
Abstract: The IAS adopted in Bulgaria following its accession to the European Union introduced some new terms in the field of accounting, such as “accounting policy”, “accounting estimate”, and “accounting error”. Generally, the indigenous scepticism of professional accountants is an obstacle to their accepting the new knowledge and points of view and subsequently applying them in practice. The aim of this paper is to investigate the possibilities of unifying the professional competence of accountants and auditors in terms of using accounting estimates in financial statements of non-financial enterprises in compliance with the accounting legislation in force.
In order to achieve this aim, the author has tried to outline the different meanings attributed to this term by accountants and auditors in related standards.
Abstract: The information presented in the financial statements must share certain characteristics so as to be useful to primary users. Not infrequently, in Bulgarian reporting practice, it is easy to note inconsistencies in the financial statements which are published since although those statements formally meet the legal requirements, they fail to provide complete or timely financial information to stakeholders. The objective of this research is to ascertain (based on a representative sample) whether enterprises, which are major tax payers and contributors to the social security system, published complete and timely financial statements in the Commercial Register over the period from 2007 to 2014.