Abstract: The article analyzes the importance of agriculture for the economies of European and Central Asian countries, proves that it occurred due to the impact of innovations which help realize the potential of this industry which, in its turn, opens up promising ways for further development. It has been established that the need to stimulate innovation in the agricultural sector arises due to a number of factors, the most significant of which are: growing consumer demand for products, the need for production of environmental products, reduced production costs, rational use of resources, environmental protection. That is why the promotion of innovative technologies implementation for the sustainable development of agriculture in the countries of Europe and Central Asia is becoming an important element of the countries’ steady development in the region. The article describes the innovative processes in the agricultural sector of the country's economy. Particular attention is paid to the consideration of the parameters of the EU Common Agricultural Policy.