Abstract: This paper considers the impact of information asymmetry on the activities of non-government pension funds in Ukraine. Based on the established model of non-governmental pensions in Ukraine, it looks at peculiarities in the formation of information flows in the operation of non-government pension funds (NPF). It has been determined that information asymmetry has the most significant effect on the activities of Ukrainian NPF at two levels: first, in the context of access to information for current and potential members of non-governmental pension provision; secondly, due to the low transparency of the corporate sector, which reduces the possibility of the efficient investment of pension assets. It has also been established that overcoming information asymmetries in the market of non-government pensions is possible only if government regulatory efforts are synchronised and effective financial communication at the level of the NPF is implemented for issuers of securities and other market participants.
Abstract: In the contemporary dynamically changing macroeconomic and legislative environment, the issue of the efficiency of the investment decision to extend the service life of unit five and unit six of the only enterprise in the Republic of Bulgaria which uses nuclear power in the technological process of generating electricity is of crucial importance. Considering the fact that the materialization of any investment is an essential prerequisite for accomplishing the major objective of a company while ensuring that sources of funding are rationally exploited, the behaviour of Kozloduy NPPP is undoubtedly defined in unison with the imperative regulations of Bulgarian legislation and the priorities of Europe 2020 Strategy which aim at achieving sustainable development by promoting a more resource-efficient, sustainable, and competitive economy.
Abstract: This article reviews the institutional characteristics of hedge funds based on their comparison with traditional collective investment schemes and investment funds. The study arrives at the conclusion that hedge funds are highly leveraged boutique investment funds of a quasi-open nature that apply active portfolio management in order to obtain high absolute yield regardless of the behaviour of financial markets when conducting their activity in an environment of little transparency and legislative and institutional regulation.
Abstract: The period from 2010 to 2019 may be defined as a post-crisis stage in the historic development of the global economy. This refers to Bulgarian economy as well, which went through a recession to then reach a situation of full employment. The recovery of global markets is obviously a major factor which raises the interest of both local and foreign investors. The dynamics and the structure of the capital funds invested in the local economy and those invested abroad are indicative of the confidence in the domestic market. They give an accurate idea about the economic environment in the country and the mid-term prospects for its development. The main objective of this research is to analyse the characteristics of and the trends in the changes of capital funds invested in Bulgaria and those invested in foreign economies and markets.
Abstract: The subject of study in this paper is the transfer of technology and the globalization of knowledge by transnational corporations through the export of foreign direct investment, international trade in knowledge-consuming goods and the buying and selling of licenses, patents and know-how. It is indicated that the transfer of technology worldwide through the sale of licenses and know-how and the export of knowledge-consuming output is the exclusive responsibility of transnational corpora¬tions that are also engaged in the import and export of foreign direct investment.
Abstract: Corporate financing requires sufficient knowledge on the two basic elements of liability as a component of financial balance: long-term and short-term equity. Respectively the article analyzes the ratios at which company investment may be carried out by equity and various issues of positive and negative equity structure are being outlined as well. Certain recommendations are being made for optimizing owners’ equity and debt capital in order to achieve an effective investment policy. Spe¬cial attention has been drawn on capital management practices in Bulgarian compa¬nies recognizing those practices’ constant need of improvement and development.