Abstract: The article addresses the challenges facing higher education, related to the demographic problems and the quality of process management. The free movement and the single education area are changing attitudes, especially those of young people and their choice where to receive education. The demographic crisis, migration and the lower quality of previous levels of education are further exacerbating the situation in higher education. The article argues that a change in the educational management is necessary in order to find solutions to deficits and to build a model of ‘engaged universities’ where the quality of education is maintained at a level consistent with socio-economic processes.
Abstract: In the modern conditions of knowledge-based economy, higher education has the extremely responsible task of preparing specialists with a high level of theoretical and practical knowledge, skills and competencies in the relevant professional fields. The processes of internationalisation and globalisation in education pose a number of challenges to higher education institutions in Bulgaria, expressed in improving the quality of education and the practical applicability of the acquired knowledge, increasing the applied research of the academic staff and the formation of students’ research skills. The article examines the dynamics of key indicators for the higher education system in order to establish objectively formed regularities and trends and to assess the effectiveness of higher education costs.
Abstract: Modernizing the system of higher education and improving the quality of educational and research activities of higher education institutions is a permanent objective due to the constantly increasing requirements and the expectations of society. However, other factors also exist which hinder or at least slow down the achievement of the desired outcomes. Some of them are system-wide and equally valid for all higher education institutions, while others are specific.
The article focuses on the main external and internal factors posing risks to the future development of higher education in our country. Among them are the negative changes in the values of society, imperfections in the regulatory framework, the funding model, the demographic crisis, the evaluation and remuneration of the employed research scientists and lecturers, solutions to ethical and social problems, and others.
Identifying the main risks aims to make responsible institutions become aware of them. Another aim is to propose appropriate measures to counteract risks. It is argued that most of these measures require purposeful efforts by all interested institutions.