Abstract: The article reviews contemporary concepts about corporate inventory planning and management from a systematic perspective. It elucidates the nature and the underlying principles of the technology of corporate inventory management. These are followed by a detailed description of deterministic and stochastic quantitative models which are most frequently applied in the sphere of financial theory and practice. The article finally arrives at the conclusion that deterministic models are easy to apply, yet their major disadvantage is that they could only be applied for one type of inventory. Stochastic models, on the other hand, are much more complex in nature, yet they could be applied to any type of corporate inventory, which renders them more flexible and applicable.