Abstract: The evolution of financial analysis is accompanied by an extensive use of indicators whose calculation is based on data provided both by entities in their financial statements and by financial markets. The analysis of data and indicators generated by the capital market is considered to be of primary importance when studying the financial position of enterprises. This view is supported by a substantial number of analysts and, although not applicable to all enterprises, it raises a number of questions, two of them being whether the new analytical indicators are replacing the classic indicators of financial statement analysis and whether financial statements have retained their fundamental role as a primary source of data in studying the financial position of enterprises. The objective of this paper is to answer these questions by approaching the interpretation of financial statements within the context of some unorthodox views about the evolution of financial analysis.
Abstract: Regardless of the increasing role of technology, the main factor of each system are people with their qualities and experience. The fact that nowadays the majority of activities related to collecting, summarising and systematizing of information are carried out by information technologies does not diminish the role of individuals in terms of analysing the results, decision-making and developing an overall company strategy.
To stimulate the creativity of their key employees, companies use different methods of financial incentives. The aim of conducting such policy, on one hand, is to increase employees’ motivation to work and at the same time to encourage their long-term involvement in and commitment to the future of the company.
The object of study in this article is the accounting interpretation of some basic approaches (forms) to financial incentives of bank staff.
Abstract: This paper deals with the accounting interpretation of trade receivables for sales made by enterprises in the course of their business. Their nature, functional role, and meaning for economic entities are described in a systematic aspect. Approaches for improving the current and periodical accounting reporting of trade receivables are suggested and supported with relevant arguments. The focus of attention is on providing up-to-date, comprehensive and detailed information on the discussed subjects of accounting, according to their individual behaviour and differentiation and classification criteria set in advance.
Abstract: This article attempts to present the accounting aspect of spending commitments either signed for or immediately fulfilled by budget organizations. These are analysed in the context of changes in the normative base at the beginning of 2014. The author places emphasis on the practical and applied aspects of reporting mechanisms implemented by budget organizations, while at the same time presenting several general cases in the practice
Abstract: This study characterises accounting occupational risk by examining its sources. It describes the effects and seeks opportunities to minimise them.
Risk is an integral part of the accounting profession. It has been quite ex-haustively discussed in literature, but in terms of accounting it has not been studied enough – it has not been given enough attention, which makes the topic relevant and significant.
Emphasis is placed on the fact that the activities of an accountant must be in accor¬dance with legislation, while accounting for the specificities of the entity. Whence it follows that they are not only responsible for keeping accounts in accordance with regulatory requirements, but also for the decisions made and the accompanying risk.
Abstract: The present article analyses the prescriptions of accounting stand¬ards ¹ 41 “Agriculture“ and ¹ 2 „Inventories“ for determination and measurement of agricultural produce and the role of the estimates for the formation of the financial result for the period. When those standards are used in the accounting practice some texts, regulating the transformation of the financial result for tax purposes, appear to be contradictory. A specific example given here illustrates the logical sequence of the tax treatment of the differences between the measurements of produce at initial recogni¬tion and at the end of the year.