Abstract: This article proposes a new approach to the classification of management structures and costs in the innovation system of an industrial plant. The need for the establishment of a new classification of the types of management structures has been argued based on an analysis of literature sources. With the differentiating of unexplored management structures, some of their most typical characteristics have been defined. A concept for management costs in industrial plants and possible methods for their reduction have been presented.
Specific proposals have been indicated to reduce management costs which are presented in the following areas: improving the qualifications of employees; changing the specialisation of managers; changing the number of managers in the hierarchy; changing the optimal rate control; increasing the rate of exchange of information flows between performers and managers; rearranging the hierarchy; reducing workplace organisational costs.
Abstract: Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) face tremendous challenges in their attempt to pursue innovations. Innovation has been considered as a key element for the growth of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) for a long time. This field of research has been a subject to numerous studies. In Algeria, however, very few researches have dealt with this subject. The aim of this paper is to explore the effects of the organizational, process, product and marketing innovations on the different aspects of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) performance.
Abstract: This article throws light on the theoretical and practical aspects of the existing bilateral correlation between innovative activity, innovative activities and company competitiveness. In the course of this analysis it is emphasised that, on the one hand, the level of company competitiveness in organisations which determines the intensity of innovative activities is the result of the state of the competitive environment. On the other hand, the innovative activities of companies which determines the degree of their company competitiveness is also the result of the state of this external compet¬itive environment. This means that a bilateral correlation exists between the innovative activities of organisations and their company competitiveness, and it is dependent on the state of the external competitive environment (i.e. it is the uniting link in this correlation).
Abstract: The paper deals with issues related to the innovation receptivity of enterprises which is indicative of their preparedness and ability to introduce innovations and intensify their innovative activity. High innovation receptivity may be interpreted as an indicator of the ability of an enterprise to gain competitive advantages, and hence, to exert certain competitive pressure on the other market players. Assessing the innovation receptivity helps identify weak spots in the performance of an enterprise and specify opportunities and actions for dealing with them.
Abstract: The article analyzes the importance of agriculture for the economies of European and Central Asian countries, proves that it occurred due to the impact of innovations which help realize the potential of this industry which, in its turn, opens up promising ways for further development. It has been established that the need to stimulate innovation in the agricultural sector arises due to a number of factors, the most significant of which are: growing consumer demand for products, the need for production of environmental products, reduced production costs, rational use of resources, environmental protection. That is why the promotion of innovative technologies implementation for the sustainable development of agriculture in the countries of Europe and Central Asia is becoming an important element of the countries’ steady development in the region. The article describes the innovative processes in the agricultural sector of the country's economy. Particular attention is paid to the consideration of the parameters of the EU Common Agricultural Policy.
Abstract: According to statistical data, modern development of the innovation activity in Russia has positive trends – Russia’s positions in the Global Innovation Index have improved, the relative share of the organisations engaged in innovation has increased and the volume of shipped innovative products has gone up in the total volume of exports. However, even these positive trends are not enough to bridge the gap between Russia and the developed countries. The problems of low effectiveness of innovation in Russia, according to the authors, are related to the problems and risks that arise in enterprises that commercialize innovation.
The process of commercialisation of innovation has its own specifics and depending on the degree of participation of the innovation developers in it, it could be realised through three different methods – independent use, partial assignment of rights to use innovations, full transfer of rights to use it. The problems and risks which the enterprises may face in the process of commercializing innovations, are presented by the authors in relation to each method. The article also features some authors’ proposals for speeding up the innovation implementation by enterprises.
Abstract: In this paper, statistical analysis of indicators of innovative growth in the Republic of Kazakhstan was conducted. The indicators were compared to those of technologically advanced countries, in particular to such indices as: the share of innovation-active enterprises, domestic spending on research and development (Percentage to GDP), total researchers equivalent per thousand total employments, and amount of research conducted. As the results of the academic research, key factors that have a major influence on innovative activity of the SME were determined.
Purpose – disclose the nature and content of the human factor of the economy in terms of becoming an innovative society, to examine the role of the human factor in the innovative development of the state.
Methodology - Research was composed to measure variation in the economic development and innovation in Kazakhstan required in times of increasing global competition.
Conclusions - Today, the State is significantly lagging behind other developed countries according to innovation driven indices. The Republic of Kazakhstan can be competitive by shifting to a new model of economic growth and by rapidly reducing lag. The State requires an effective strategy of innovative development, which consists primarily in the development of human potential and employment of citizens. Integration of education, science and industry, the development of education on the basis of modern science and technology have become today one of the priority directions of economic development.
Abstract: The article presents the results of scientific research on the role of labour factors, fixed-term employment contract, in particular, in the innovation activity of organizations of Belarus. The influence of the fixed-term employment contracts on the innovative activity of enterprises has been identified. It has been proven that the smaller scale of the organization, the more often they use a fixed-term employment contract. It is proved that if organizations have a fixed-term employment contract, they are more innovative and innovative organizations are active.
Abstract: The article describes the essence of the term "digitalization" and shows the nature of this process. The impact on people's lives and globalization itself have been determined as a result of the conducted study. Particular attention has been drawn to digital transformation, its use in the business context and its impact on such organizations as government, government agencies and other institutions involved in addressing social and global issues such as pollution and aging, using one or more existing and new technologies.