Abstract: Nearly all research work on the personality traits and the management style of a project manager is universal in its nature and postulates conclusions and generalisations that are not adapted to the particular situation in which a project is being implemented. The aim of this paper is to suggest that project team management requires a situational approach that is consistent with the type of project executed. To this purpose, some key professional and personality traits of project managers are examined and several typologies are presented: 1) a typology of project managers – explorers, coordinators, drivers, and administrators; 2) team leadership models– hierarchical, team leader, team coordinator, shared leadership, and self-managed teams; 3) a typology of projects – 13 types of projects grouped in four categories. The paper also presents some options for choosing a project manager and a management model which are consistent with the specific nature of a project, including the stage of its life cycle.
Abstract: Nowadays organisations are realizing, more and more, the strategic character of the decision “to outsource or not” and its impact on their whole strategy for their future capacity to compete successfully. The decision “to outsource or not” is not an ordinary business decision by which decision-makers only compare the costs of an individual carrying out a particular process to the costs of contracting the process to an external company. Crafting such a decision is a long and complicated process. It must be done in a structured and rational way and include not only price, but also other factors, and it must not be influenced by outsourcing trends.
This article examines the complete process of developing and making a decision to outsource, which includes the following successive steps: forming a team which is going to make the decision to outsource, and which, if the decision is positive, will manage the whole outsourcing process; defining the objectives which are going to be pursued by using outsourcing; describing and classifying the business processes of the organisation; identifying the major competences of the organisation; defining the business processes which can be forwarded for outsourcing, as well as those which must remain within and under the control of the organisation; analysing the assessment of the factors influencing the decision “to outsource or not,”; and making the final decision.