Abstract: The development of information systems requires a lot more than implementing a particular technology or finding an information solution. What are also necessary is a deep strategic approach and an analysis of the possibilities and objective difficulties. One important condition in this process is the fact that the development of an information system must comply with global standards and must allow flexible set-up and adaptation according to specific individual requirements. This is additionally complicated by the fact that, at the moment, the conditions for the function of companies in our country require the achievement of positive results, which is realised in the short term and with budget cuts which affect the information infrastructure.
Abstract: The impact of brands has become more powerful than ever in the contemporary world and brand managers are aware that brand growth and expansion are essential for the increase of sales and the development of companies in general. Leading companies like Xerox and Coca-Cola report that brand is as important to their performance as factories, innovations and capital are, since powerful brands attract wealthy customers and investors. The concept of brand equity has been widely employed lately. It refers to the financial worth which adds to the physical properties of tangible assets and of products in particular. Brand equity is in essence the measurement of the value added. The objective of this paper is to present contemporary methods for valuating brand equity and to provide a comparative analysis of their employment. In-depth knowledge about global practices in brand equity valuation is of fundamental importance to designing a successful and efficient branding strategy.
Abstract: The management process is directed towards achieving certain goals. Its realisation is affected by a multitude of factors, including the habits of managers and their subordinates. Consciously or unconsciously, habits determine the behaviours of individuals in their personal and working lives. When the personal and work habits affect positively the manner of making decisions, the completion of particular tasks, the achievement of goals, etc., this can result in either an effective or ineffective management process. The combination of positive and negative habits places individuals in different situations at their work place, which in turn requires from managers to interfere adequately. They should look for opportunities for managing both their and their subordinates’ habits. This demands from them to be able to use their leadership skills as well as to have thorough knowledge of the habit formation process.
Abstract: The activities for overcoming the risk-related effects in the public social-security system of Bulgaria have acquired high importance in the context of deteriorated health status both in general and individual plan. The paper outlines the possibilities for the relative financial and organizational development of the Prophylaxis and Rehabilitation Programme of the NSSI. It supports the idea of broadening the scope of the programme including the opportunity for funding the prophylaxis and rehabititation of retired people at the age above the stipulated in art. 68, para 1of the Social Security Code.
Abstract: The article deals with the issues of insuring the environmental pollution risk in economic enterprises. In addition, the research outlines the structure of the environment with reference to the operations of enterprises with hazardous waste production; it also analyses the elements of the environment and the risk factors, which determine the risk situations in the industrial enterprises. Finally, the article discusses the primary role of environmental pollution liability insurance within the concept of risk management in the industrial enterprises.
Abstract: The article addresses moral damages inflicted as a result of road accidents, in terms of motor third-party liability insurance. We explain the nature of moral damages and analyse their relevance to the activity of insurance carriers. Special attention is paid to the major factors that cause moral damages. We also review the main stages in ascertaining inflicted moral damages and give some recommendations about the process. The underlying idea of this article is that an Ordinance on the Ascertainment of Moral Damages must be designed. In conclusion, a methodology for determining liability limits is proposed.
Abstract: The massive influx of mobile devices over recent years has radically altered ideas about employees’ activity and the dimensions of business. The rapid development of business, mainly through increased staff mobility, has promoted various concepts like BYOD (Bring Your Own Device), CYOD (Choose Your Own Device) COPE (Corporate Owned, Personally Enabled), etc. This has brought to the fore issues related to ensuring constant staff involvement in the work flow and designing channels for accessing information with no constraints in terms of time, location, or the type of mobile devices used.
At the same time, businesses need to design strategies which ensure a balance between the convenience of using mobile devices and the security and reliability of corporate networks operation.
This paper reviews the essence of the BYOD concept and the benefits it brings to business; it makes a comparison with the CYOD concept and analyses the COPE alternative, its nature and feasible approaches for its implementation.
Abstract: The scope of this paper is to approach creativity in conceptualization, designing and marketing of tourist products.
Special attention is paid to the relation “Tourist potential of a region – tourist attractors – tourist products/brands – tourist products/brands marketing”.
Consequently, we have presented certain models of a creative process, namely the tourist product’s superstructure, structure, infrastructure and infostructure. They are regarded as objects of creative ideas, insights and visual models of tourist products. Special attention is also paid to the integration of tourist products in so called integrats. The creative marketing process of original tourist products is also structured.
Attention is also paid to possible approaches for integral usage of the Danube river tourist potential. Concrete tourist products/brands which could increase the attractiveness of the region are presented. One of them is the Bulgarian Danubian coast.
Abstract: This article covers the problem issues of the organization of a mobile emergency management center of the Main Inspectorate of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Moldova. The key objectives assigned to the Situational Center have been determined, as well as the peculiarities of the developing organizational structure of the information interoperability of the Center’s employees, providing the composition of subsystems and the directions aimed at enhancing efficiency.
Abstract: In contemporary business development, digital transformation has become a major challenge to big data management. In an environment of increasing volumes of data, the major factors that are crucial to business development relate to big data processing and analysis. Open-source data processing technologies employ an innovative approach to the design of data processing and data analytics tools in cooperation among developers, which ensures the transparency, accessibility and continuous improvement of those tools.
The main objective of this article is to review popular open-source technologies for big data processing and identify trends in employing big data in business applications.
Abstract: Mobile technologies have entered modern business faster and more extensively, as a result of which it becomes more flexible, dynamic, communicative and effective. This article outlines the prerequisites, capacity and forms of application of mobile technologies in business. It presents the most popular mobile services, which facilitate the constant contact with suppliers, customers, contractors and the personnel of companies. It also delineates the trends and perspectives of the devel¬opment of mobile business.
Abstract: Over the last decade in Bulgaria medical institutions for health care have functioned in an unsustainable and unfavorable environment. This is particularly true for hospitals in towns or villages as some of them have gone bankrupt, while many of them have terminated their activities.
As regards the number of hospitals per 100,000 people, Bulgaria is among the countries of the EU-27 with a relatively large number of hospitals – over 4.44 per 100,000 people. This is a third more than the average ratio of the EU-27 member states and 50% more than the new EU member states from Eastern Europe. This is why research into hospitals takes into account a problem which is very serious for Bulgaria, namely, the activities undertaken and their effectiveness. This article argues for the thesis that the government must stop the uncontrolled growth of medical institu¬tions for health care and introduce a new system of funding according to which the patient must be treated in a complex way, not according to a clinical pathway, because costs do not meet the real expenses of the treatment of a patient with a particular diag¬nosis.
Abstract: This article presents part of the available arsenal of the developed quantitative and qualitative approaches for the assessment of text comprehensibility (readability) existing in western literature. Special attention is paid to their practical and application function in empirical research related to accounting. A conceptually new integrated approach is presented, the results of which could lead to a more precise metrication of the readability of disclosures of enterprises.
Abstract: Firms today focus on the development of long-term customer relationships and seek ways to actively involve customers in the marketing process. Platform enterprises such as Amazon, Airbnb, and Uber are spearheading the efforts in this direction by providing a digital platform enabling multiple stakeholders to engage in and contribute to brand value creation. However, scholarly research to date has not yet addressed the question of how platform enterprises can effectively and efficiently operate the network they build in a global market in order to stimulate co-creation and enhance brand value creation. We integrate Porter’s “diamond” with the dynamic capabilities approach and develop a conceptual framework, which helps us better understand how platform enterprises utilize their capabilities to exploit the “diamond” and build an “ecosystem of partners” while fostering innovation and encouraging brand value co-creation.
Abstract: Present – day mobile and electronic payment systems, like all innovative solutions, do their best to meet the requirements of the business by being in line with its technological capacity. Online payments have a number of benefits not only for the banks and institutions that implement them but also for the clients and sales companies that use them to do their business.
The purpose of the article is to outline the features of mobile and electronic payment systems that permit them to be one of the most promising and rapidly developing means of payment in Bulgaria. The study will also analyse their strengths and weaknesses and will clearly define the opportunities and threats of their application. This will be accomplished by taking into account the current political and social conditions in Bulgaria.
Abstract: The article deals with the problems of insurance integration processes in the EAEU. The strategic directions of state regulation of the reinsurance market of the Republic of Belarus have been identified. It is determined that there is no a single legislative act regulating reinsurance activities in Belarusian legislation. State regulation of reinsurance relies on the current insurance legislation. The analysis of financial stability in EAEU is based on the Solvency I criteria.
In the EU countries the risk-based approach to financial stability for the insur-ance sector is offered. However, neither of these approaches can be fully applied in the Republic of Belarus due to the methods of the analysis, which are based on hypothetical scenarios of market developments and may have a high degree of unreliability.
It is determined that in reinsurance, it is necessary to assess the reliability of a reinsur-ance organization not only on the basis of an analysis of financial indicators, but to make a complex study of the financial stability of a reinsurer. It was concluded that the above methodology makes it possible to objectively analysis of a reinsurer reliability and can help to develop a set of measures aimed at raising it.
Abstract: Digital economy and the rapidly growing use of the Internet have rendered it impossible for a corporate IT infrastructure to perform successfully unless adopting the necessary techniques, technology and procedures for controlling access to resources. Mobile devices have become tremendously popular and they are an indispensable part of people’s everyday life, as well as a preferred option for accessing corporate IT infrastructure resources. Therefore, organisations need to design and implement efficient management solutions, based on in-depth analyses and in line with the specific properties of mobile devices.
This research paper describes in detail corporate IT infrastructure and mobile devices as components of that infrastructure, reviews their use in business environment and presents appropriate tools for exercising control.
Abstract: Corporate financing requires sufficient knowledge on the two basic elements of liability as a component of financial balance: long-term and short-term equity. Respectively the article analyzes the ratios at which company investment may be carried out by equity and various issues of positive and negative equity structure are being outlined as well. Certain recommendations are being made for optimizing owners’ equity and debt capital in order to achieve an effective investment policy. Spe¬cial attention has been drawn on capital management practices in Bulgarian compa¬nies recognizing those practices’ constant need of improvement and development.