Abstract: The global financial crisis of 2007, in its nature and depth, is one of the most serious challenges to the contemporary economy in the last century after the Great Depression of 1929. The fact that seven years after the occurrence of the first interference the economy has not fully recovered, is evidence of its extraordinary strength and negative influence. All this suggests increased research interest in the analysis and evaluation of its occurrence, development and impact on different sectors of the economy.
In this paper, the main transmission channels of financial problems in European economies and different stages of development of the crisis in the European Union are examined. Together with this, the measures taken by the European and national authorities and governments are analysed. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the global financial crisis on the European banking sector measured by a set of key indicators.