Abstract: The introduction of new information and communication technology into banking has radically altered the essence and character of banking activity. Alongside the competitive advantages and the direct economic effect of the advent of high-tech innovation in the banking sector, credit institutions are facing a number of challenges, one of them being to ensure the security of their products and related information. The main objective of this research is to elucidate the nature, instances, and methods of managing data security in commercial banks. An emphasis is put on some sources of operational risk in commercial banks which have a direct impact on the potentially growing risk in terms of data security. The research also focuses on the role of bank management in governing that process, as well as the methods and mechanisms for reducing the occurrence of the risk related to information security.
Abstract: The global financial crisis of 2007, in its nature and depth, is one of the most serious challenges to the contemporary economy in the last century after the Great Depression of 1929. The fact that seven years after the occurrence of the first interference the economy has not fully recovered, is evidence of its extraordinary strength and negative influence. All this suggests increased research interest in the analysis and evaluation of its occurrence, development and impact on different sectors of the economy.
In this paper, the main transmission channels of financial problems in European economies and different stages of development of the crisis in the European Union are examined. Together with this, the measures taken by the European and national authorities and governments are analysed. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the global financial crisis on the European banking sector measured by a set of key indicators.