Abstract: The global financial crisis of 2007, in its nature and depth, is one of the most serious challenges to the contemporary economy in the last century after the Great Depression of 1929. The fact that seven years after the occurrence of the first interference the economy has not fully recovered, is evidence of its extraordinary strength and negative influence. All this suggests increased research interest in the analysis and evaluation of its occurrence, development and impact on different sectors of the economy.
In this paper, the main transmission channels of financial problems in European economies and different stages of development of the crisis in the European Union are examined. Together with this, the measures taken by the European and national authorities and governments are analysed. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the global financial crisis on the European banking sector measured by a set of key indicators.
Abstract: Business crisis management is extremely important. Underestimating its importance may result in significant losses for owners, or even put an end to the operation of an enterprise. Hence, the unequivocal conclusion that the continuous evolution of knowledge regarding business crisis management is a major prerequisite and a factor encouraging more successful and more sustainable business development. It is a necessary condition for the survival and stabilization of enterprises, therefore enterprises need to design adequate accounting policies, i.e. a defensive accounting policy, within the context of legally regulated conditions regarding the organisation and methodology of accounting reporting for enterprises. Each enterprise undergoing a crisis or depression should define the contents of the separate elements of its defensive accounting policy so that the accounting tools employed, and the practical actions implemented, render this policy an efficient means for managing the economic activity of the enterprise. The aim of this paper is to outline the specific features of business crisis management and its impact on the accounting policy of enterprises.