Abstract: The development of information systems requires a lot more than implementing a particular technology or finding an information solution. What are also necessary is a deep strategic approach and an analysis of the possibilities and objective difficulties. One important condition in this process is the fact that the development of an information system must comply with global standards and must allow flexible set-up and adaptation according to specific individual requirements. This is additionally complicated by the fact that, at the moment, the conditions for the function of companies in our country require the achievement of positive results, which is realised in the short term and with budget cuts which affect the information infrastructure.
Abstract: The article discusses the analytical procedures that can be used by the auditor at the stage of obtaining information, such as the verification of the procedures in order to collect direct evidence of the errors, irregularities and false statements in financial reporting. The proposed methodology for the prediction of outcome indicators based on the "factors of influence” over the example of sales volume can be a simple and reliable tool in the arsenal of the auditor.
Abstract: This paper considers the impact of information asymmetry on the activities of non-government pension funds in Ukraine. Based on the established model of non-governmental pensions in Ukraine, it looks at peculiarities in the formation of information flows in the operation of non-government pension funds (NPF). It has been determined that information asymmetry has the most significant effect on the activities of Ukrainian NPF at two levels: first, in the context of access to information for current and potential members of non-governmental pension provision; secondly, due to the low transparency of the corporate sector, which reduces the possibility of the efficient investment of pension assets. It has also been established that overcoming information asymmetries in the market of non-government pensions is possible only if government regulatory efforts are synchronised and effective financial communication at the level of the NPF is implemented for issuers of securities and other market participants.
Abstract: An information infrastructure is part of the overall infrastructure of enterprises. It refers to hardware, software, data management technologies, network and telecommunication technologies and services as well as the staff involved in the management of provided services.
The aim of this article is to elucidate the characteristics of information infrastructure and related issues in the era of digital transformation. In terms of theoretical tasks, this implies defining the concept of "information infrastructure" and identifying opportunities for its development. Practical tasks relate to analyzing some of the problems that a large Bulgarian enterprise is facing in terms of its information infrastructure and proposing methods for assessing the costs of the information infrastructure in the enterprise. Our research focuses on ‘Sparky Eltos’ AD in Lovech and suggests some practical guidelines for analyzing problems and offering adequate solutions.
Abstract: The article focuses on the problems of information security in the clouds from the point of view of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and the limitations imposed on them with regard to information technologies. The article discusses organizational and technical protection measures that are relatively easy and cheap enough to be applied by SMEs in relation to cloud security threats.
Abstract: The article studies the methodological issues related to assessing the information systems for the indexation and analysis of information available on the Internet. The comparative analysis of such information systems can be performed only after we define in advance assessment indicators and experts determine their levels of significance (weighted coefficients) in addition to providing access to the necessary data sources. In this research, the latter are represented by a number of Internet resources, which provide characteristics and information about the architecture solutions effective on the market nowadays. As a result of the determined weaknesses and disadvantages of the implemented systems, the last part of the research offers a concept for the development of a similar information system. Based on this, the article outlines the advantages of this concept in comparison with the existing alternative solutions.
Abstract: The introduction of new information and communication technology into banking has radically altered the essence and character of banking activity. Alongside the competitive advantages and the direct economic effect of the advent of high-tech innovation in the banking sector, credit institutions are facing a number of challenges, one of them being to ensure the security of their products and related information. The main objective of this research is to elucidate the nature, instances, and methods of managing data security in commercial banks. An emphasis is put on some sources of operational risk in commercial banks which have a direct impact on the potentially growing risk in terms of data security. The research also focuses on the role of bank management in governing that process, as well as the methods and mechanisms for reducing the occurrence of the risk related to information security.
Abstract: After a fifteen-year period of increasing interest on the part of the author in engines used for searching for information on the Internet, this article discusses the changes which have taken place throughout this period of their development. The aim of this article is to note the major features of the most popular search engines around at the moment. Using the data presented in the article, the author draws con¬clusions about the current state of affairs and at the same time delineates perspectives for the development of search engines in the next few years. A special section has been included for comment on the principal recommendations of specialists regarding the optimi¬sation of Internet sites which directly influences their indexing by search engines. On the basis of this, the author delineates the trends which have characterised search engines dur¬ing this relatively long period of their life cycle.
Abstract: The article studies the development and complexity of information technology (IT). The dependence of modern businesses on the extent and efficiency of applying IT is argued. On this basis, attention is brought to problems related to the orientation of information services (IS) towards the provision of services. Grounds are given that it is based on and is determined by the achievements of IT service management (ITSM). Different approaches to improving IS are presented and the trend towards transforming current IS divisions into ones offering services is outlined.
Abstract: Distribution systems as we know them today are the result of their interaction with business environment factors and information technologies. Based on the conceptual characteristics of integrated distribution systems and the role of information technologies to their development, this paper aims to present a new concept about the relationship between them as a symbiotic, bidirectional and stimulating one. We have outlined in detail the major aspects of that relationship; the short-term and long-term effects, which it produces, as well as the prospects for their further symbiosis.
Abstract: This article is dedicated to the problems of software solutions used for managing projects. A task like this one is full of many challenges because, on one hand, on the market there are many versions of software platforms developed for managing projects. On the other hand, the projects co-financed by the Operational Programmes of the European Union are very specific. These peculiarities are related mainly to the complexity of the documentation combined with the need of serious financial planning of the interim and final reports. Adhering to task schedules is a key moment in planning and returning of funds. The development of the research topic includes a description and an analysis of software solutions that are often used for managing projects. The article also provides a comparative analysis of project management software features based on a defined number of criteria and indicators. The findings of this analysis permit the formulation of recommendations for the development of new systems, which will allow users to manage the funds received under EU projects adequately, and according to schedules.
Abstract: Professional players on the Russian market in microelectronics form temporary partnerships so that they can design and develop microelectronic devices with a certain life cycle. This paper proves that the capacity of such partnerships to develop successfully and to achieve the goals they have set depends on the stages of their development, i.e. the stages of a partnership life cycle. The materialisation of these partnerships refers to all stages of the technological value chain of microelectronic devices, which allows each professional player on the Russian market in microelectronics to perform their functions. Each stage of the partnership life cycle relates to specific features and key success factors. By analysing the stages of partnerships life cycles, it is possible to predict and identify potential problems in terms of the materialisation and development of inter-organisational relationships.
Abstract: The paper analyses changes in the factors of the macro- and micro- marketing environment that have given a new image to contemporary sales over the last two decades. It also reviews key concepts and approaches to modern sales management and contributes to the theory of sales management by designing a conceptual goal-oriented model. The model presents three levels of relations that exist between three modules of metrics – those of sales, marketing and business organisations, and function as a system. The flexibility of the model renders it universally applicable to business organisations in different sectors of the economy.
Abstract: The article deals with the features of the e-commerce development in the modern world economy. The article analyzes the interpretation of the term "e-commerce" by various domestic and foreign scientists. The study specified three levels of e-commerce. The article also identifies five major e-commerce features - advertising, product demonstration, transactions, after-sales service, long-term customer relationships. The article demonstrates the main effects of e-commerce on the economy, such as: growing competition, globalization of business spheres, personalization of interaction, reduction of distribution channels, cost savings. The analysis of B2C e-commerce sales volume in the regions of the world during 2012–2017 identified a significant level of the direction development in the Asia-Pacific region.
Abstract: This article deals with issues related to administrative services and the performance of municipalities. The topic has been subject to continuous debates in terms of the efficiency of the services which local authorities provide and the prospects for improving the process. The focus of the research is on work processes at the level of local administrative services, while its aim is to identify the major challenges which municipalities are facing and suggest possible measures for improvement. To accomplish this, a questionnaire for conducting an online research was designed. The questionnaire consisted of 12 questions and was sent to 265 respondents, which is the number of municipalities in Bulgaria.
The analysis made for the purposes of this research is based on the formal data submitted by 60 municipalities on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria. The findings of the analysis helped us identify possible solutions for improving the monitoring and designing of work processes, updating provided administrative services and raising their efficiency as the basis for developing integrated electronic administration.
Abstract: This article deals with issues related to uploading contents on the Internet. Within this context, the specific attributes of information systems for web publishing and solutions for their architecture are reviewed. The paper analyses some conceptual problems related to those systems in terms of the opportunities provided to users to create, publish, share or comment on the content on the world wide web. It also presents the typical architecture of web publishing systems. Based on the conducted research, the paper presents findings and hypotheses about trends in the development of architecture solutions for web publishing systems. The focus of the paper is on the growing significance of social networks nowadays, and especially of social networks with interactive content. The conclusion summarizes the advantages of applying existing trends in the development of architecture solutions for web publishing systems to the design of software solutions in the sphere.