Abstract: The evolution of financial analysis is accompanied by an extensive use of indicators whose calculation is based on data provided both by entities in their financial statements and by financial markets. The analysis of data and indicators generated by the capital market is considered to be of primary importance when studying the financial position of enterprises. This view is supported by a substantial number of analysts and, although not applicable to all enterprises, it raises a number of questions, two of them being whether the new analytical indicators are replacing the classic indicators of financial statement analysis and whether financial statements have retained their fundamental role as a primary source of data in studying the financial position of enterprises. The objective of this paper is to answer these questions by approaching the interpretation of financial statements within the context of some unorthodox views about the evolution of financial analysis.
Abstract: In the modern conditions of knowledge-based economy, higher education has the extremely responsible task of preparing specialists with a high level of theoretical and practical knowledge, skills and competencies in the relevant professional fields. The processes of internationalisation and globalisation in education pose a number of challenges to higher education institutions in Bulgaria, expressed in improving the quality of education and the practical applicability of the acquired knowledge, increasing the applied research of the academic staff and the formation of students’ research skills. The article examines the dynamics of key indicators for the higher education system in order to establish objectively formed regularities and trends and to assess the effectiveness of higher education costs.
Abstract: The article reviews contemporary concepts about corporate inventory planning and management from a systematic perspective. It elucidates the nature and the underlying principles of the technology of corporate inventory management. These are followed by a detailed description of deterministic and stochastic quantitative models which are most frequently applied in the sphere of financial theory and practice. The article finally arrives at the conclusion that deterministic models are easy to apply, yet their major disadvantage is that they could only be applied for one type of inventory. Stochastic models, on the other hand, are much more complex in nature, yet they could be applied to any type of corporate inventory, which renders them more flexible and applicable.
Abstract: The aim of the article is to present key features of the business model as a mental construction and to summarise successful practices of universities around the world that have implemented innovative management solutions to overcome crises. Osterwalder and Pigneur’s concept of business model and its applicability to higher education are considered. Variants of business models of different universities are analysed and crisis management approaches are synthesised in a summary model, with special attention paid to practices during the Covid-19 Global Crisis. The peculiarities of the analysis of the strategic risk after external threats are considered. Special emphasis is put on reviewing of business models in the context of new constraints and disturbed balance of revenues and expenditures. Timely reassessment of the business model can be a transition from a reactive to a proactive strategy and protect the organisation, at least in part, from the effects of future crises.
Abstract: Customer relationship marketing is complemented by the strategic vision of business development – customer management - which includes the following: customer analysis, customer contributions, life cycle, etc. The two visions - CRM and customer management - are essential for the development and higher competitiveness of companies.
These processes tend to accelerate and intensify. They result from imposing a new consumer culture, which encompasses customers from both developed and developing markets who possess a creative approach to thinking, dynamics as a style of behaviour, and “global” citizenship as a social characteristic. Marketing specialists must have a unique ability to engage with the modern customer and must be able to give their companies direction and focus in order to achieve effective results that will ensure their image and success.