Abstract: The paper reviews methods for risk assessment which could be employed in the financial management of enterprises. The set of methods proposed renders it possible to assess the impact which different risk factors upon the efficiency of implemented projects and the effect of anti-risk measures on the financial performance of companies and thus identify the most efficient measures according to the criterion selected for project evaluation.
Abstract: The activities for overcoming the risk-related effects in the public social-security system of Bulgaria have acquired high importance in the context of deteriorated health status both in general and individual plan. The paper outlines the possibilities for the relative financial and organizational development of the Prophylaxis and Rehabilitation Programme of the NSSI. It supports the idea of broadening the scope of the programme including the opportunity for funding the prophylaxis and rehabititation of retired people at the age above the stipulated in art. 68, para 1of the Social Security Code.
Abstract: The article studies the determinants of short-term liabilities of financially distressed small and medium-sized enterprises in Bulgaria. The research is based on data from the financial statements of one hundred non-financial enterprises in different industries in the period from 2014 to 2016, provided by the National Statistical Institute.
A company is defined as financially distressed if it cannot cover its short-term liabilities with its operating cash flow. By employing multiple regression analysis, we design a model, which shows the positive impact of the levels of net sales revenue, inventory, receivables from customers and suppliers and financial assets, and the negative impact of the ratio of current assets to total assets on the short-term debt of financially distressed SME-s.
Abstract: The article deals with the issues of insuring the environmental pollution risk in economic enterprises. In addition, the research outlines the structure of the environment with reference to the operations of enterprises with hazardous waste production; it also analyses the elements of the environment and the risk factors, which determine the risk situations in the industrial enterprises. Finally, the article discusses the primary role of environmental pollution liability insurance within the concept of risk management in the industrial enterprises.
Abstract: Active portfolio management is widely used in investment practice with the goal of securing better performance results from the investment process. Active portfolio management has gathered significant attention from both academics and practioners. Our goal is to investigate the class between two competing ideas. On one hand increasing the Breadth of the portfolio we should have bigger diversification effect. On the other hand increasing the number of assets (Breadth) should lead to smaller forecasting ability and therefore lower . Presented results show that our first hypothesis is confirmed – increasing the number of assets in the portfolio magnifies the effect of the active management. Additionally we show that when managers increase their Breadth, they increase not only IR, but also manage to decrease which shows better stability of our forecasting skill through time.
Abstract: The article aims to seek answers to four research questions, focusing on the specifics, existing practice, available scientific publications on the issue of assessing the maturity of risk management in universities; the possibilities for creating the framework for developing a model adapted to university practice of assessing the risk management maturity. A framework for the development of a similar model is presented, envisaging the implementation of the following activities: identifying the specific features of risk management in universities; identifying risk factors specific to higher education institutions (HEIs); defining the attributes that will underlie the model description; analyzing some existing models for assessing the maturity level; creating a substantive model; adapting the model to the specific conditions; a pilot assessment when using the adapted model.
Abstract: The adoption of cloud computing is a major requirement for expanding a conventional business into an electronic one. In order to benefit fully from the advantages of cloud computing, companies need to have their business applications redesigned, yet this requires substantial financial, human and time resources which even the largest enterprises cannot afford. A feasible option is developing a strategy for gradual transition to cloud systems and technologies, which implies integrating the conventional systems of enterprises with newly developed cloud solutions.
The underlying idea of this research is that the priorities of such gradual transition should be identified on the basis of the major characteristics of the activities comprising the overall business process, such as its dynamics and prospects, the current and the potential level of automation, the volume of processed data, the workload they create for the systems processing those data, etc.
The research paper proposes an approach for integrating a conventional and a cloud system to service the business process ‘Requesting a consumer loan’ that requires real-time data exchange. The integration solution uses data structures which have been created in an intermediate data base for communication between systems. The rules for accessing and manipulating data by each of the integrated systems are defined. Interoperability is ensured through programme components (triggers and stored procedures) that are created in the data base of the operational system and ensure data exchange for real-time processing. The approach proposed in the paper has been employed in the business practice of a large Bulgarian bank. Its major advantages relate to the comprehensive service of the business process, as well as the greater flexibility, adaptability and scalability achieved with minimum financial and time resources.
Abstract: The paper seeks a plausible explanation of the magnitude of equity risk premium, by modeling leading behavioral concepts in the conditions of Bulgarian capital market. Firstly, the fair equity risk premium is derived by basic neoclassical consumption-based model. Subsequently, the conducted comparison between fair and empirical risk premium indicates that the demanded compensation by investors for owning Bulgarian stocks cannot be rationally explained, i.e. there is an equity risk premium puzzle on BSE. On this basis, we have applied a behavioral model based on two well-known characteristics of human behavior in conditions of risk and uncertainty – loss aversion and narrow framing. Set at reasonable levels of risk and loss aversion, the model has managed to generate risk-free rate and market returns close to empirical levels.
Abstract: According to statistical data, modern development of the innovation activity in Russia has positive trends – Russia’s positions in the Global Innovation Index have improved, the relative share of the organisations engaged in innovation has increased and the volume of shipped innovative products has gone up in the total volume of exports. However, even these positive trends are not enough to bridge the gap between Russia and the developed countries. The problems of low effectiveness of innovation in Russia, according to the authors, are related to the problems and risks that arise in enterprises that commercialize innovation.
The process of commercialisation of innovation has its own specifics and depending on the degree of participation of the innovation developers in it, it could be realised through three different methods – independent use, partial assignment of rights to use innovations, full transfer of rights to use it. The problems and risks which the enterprises may face in the process of commercializing innovations, are presented by the authors in relation to each method. The article also features some authors’ proposals for speeding up the innovation implementation by enterprises.
Abstract: This study characterises accounting occupational risk by examining its sources. It describes the effects and seeks opportunities to minimise them.
Risk is an integral part of the accounting profession. It has been quite ex-haustively discussed in literature, but in terms of accounting it has not been studied enough – it has not been given enough attention, which makes the topic relevant and significant.
Emphasis is placed on the fact that the activities of an accountant must be in accor¬dance with legislation, while accounting for the specificities of the entity. Whence it follows that they are not only responsible for keeping accounts in accordance with regulatory requirements, but also for the decisions made and the accompanying risk.
Abstract: This study presents the results of an empirical research on the status and trends in the development of agricultural insurance in Bulgaria conducted in 2015. Data is systematized and analyzed; the dynamics of the development of agricultural insurance in Bulgaria for the period 2010-2014 is also studied. It was found out that agricultural producers express great interest in purchasing agricultural insurance. As a result, there is a significant increase in the scope of agricultural insurance in the Bulgarian insurance market.
Abstract: Modernizing the system of higher education and improving the quality of educational and research activities of higher education institutions is a permanent objective due to the constantly increasing requirements and the expectations of society. However, other factors also exist which hinder or at least slow down the achievement of the desired outcomes. Some of them are system-wide and equally valid for all higher education institutions, while others are specific.
The article focuses on the main external and internal factors posing risks to the future development of higher education in our country. Among them are the negative changes in the values of society, imperfections in the regulatory framework, the funding model, the demographic crisis, the evaluation and remuneration of the employed research scientists and lecturers, solutions to ethical and social problems, and others.
Identifying the main risks aims to make responsible institutions become aware of them. Another aim is to propose appropriate measures to counteract risks. It is argued that most of these measures require purposeful efforts by all interested institutions.
Abstract: The paper examines the main challenges facing universities in Bulgaria. It presents organisational issues of risk management in the higher education system and focuses on practices that need to be changed in order to implement risk management. Based on comparative content analysis, it identifies key areas that should be the subject of intervention in educational and scientific organisations in order to achieve efficiency, effectiveness and appropriateness of the process. The paper proposes solutions to improve risk management in the sector. It outlines guidelines for introducing a systematic approach to risk management in order to improve the organisational environment and operational management.