Year 2023, Issue 2

Date published

26.6.2023

CONTENTS

  • Ivan Marchevski, Krista Tsvetanova Neykova
    THE CONSUMER CHOICE OF TOURISM PRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE CRITERIA FOR MARKET SEGMENTATION
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to empirically identify relevant and sustainable criteria for segmentation of Bulgarian consumers of tourism products in the process of making purchasing decisions. The study draws on original data... The purpose of this paper is to empirically identify relevant and sustainable criteria for segmentation of Bulgarian consumers of tourism products in the process of making purchasing decisions. The study draws on original data gathered through an online survey of 898 Bulgarians, which was analysed using a range of statistical tests. Segmentation was performed using cluster analysis (hierarchical and non-hierarchical clustering). The analysis suggests that Bulgarian consumers of tourism products can be adequately and consistently segmented on the basis of five criteria: (1) their preferred mode of travel, (2) mode of planning and organising tourist trips, (3) the type of tourism they prefer, (4) the budget they normally spent for tourism and (5) their preferences regarding used sources of information. The market segments identified are directly related to a specific aspect of consumer choice in the purchase decision process. The results of this study can be used by providers of tourism services (tour operators, travel agencies, etc.) when defining the parameters of the tourist services they offer in order to influence consumer choice in the purchasing decision process.
  • Lulzim Rashiti, Art Shala, Xhevat Sopi
    DIGITAL MARKETING IN RETAIL BANKING ANALYSIS OF MANAGERS ATTITUDES
    JEL: M31, G21
    Abstract: This study explores the digitalization of the banking sector in Serbia and the attitudes of bank managers towards digital communication channels and the future of the industry. A survey was conducted with 87 bank mangers of... This study explores the digitalization of the banking sector in Serbia and the attitudes of bank managers towards digital communication channels and the future of the industry. A survey was conducted with 87 bank mangers of marketing departments. Descriptive statistical methods were used to analyse the research data and to describe the attitudes of the managers regarding the purpose of the paper. Firstly, there is a positive correlation between a positive attitude towards digital retail banking services and motivation for their current use in Serbia. Most respondents (75.9%) believe that digital sales channels will replace traditional bank branches in the foreseeable future. This reflects a general acceptance and recognition of the role of digitalization in the banking sector. In this regard, 24.2% believe that digital transformation is critical for driving business performance and increasing market share. This research contributes to the growing body of knowledge on digital transformation in the banking sector and provides valuable insights for banks in Serbia and beyond.
  • Milena Angelova
    HUMAN RESOURCE MARKETING HOW TO WIN THE WAR FOR TALENTS
    Abstract: Human resources marketing is a relatively new branch of economic science, routed at marketing and human resources management and organisational governance domains and building upon their concepts. It has a substantial potential if... Human resources marketing is a relatively new branch of economic science, routed at marketing and human resources management and organisational governance domains and building upon their concepts. It has a substantial potential if applied properly by the organisations, to help them attract, motivate, retain and manage their human resources, making sure they are well equipped with the needed skills and qualification, thus obtaining competitive advantage in the war for talents. The paper, on the basis of a dedicated desk-research, examines the evolution of the human resources marketing concept and its theoretical foundations in order to suggest models for successful practical application. It also charts avenues for further theoretical studies.
  • Sviatoslav Kniaz, Nelli Heorhiadi, Lesia Kucher, Yuriy Tyrkalo, Anna Bovsunivska
    DEVELOPMENT OF A CUSTOMER SERVICE SYSTEM IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE
    Abstract: Information technologies and systems are developing rapidly. Therefore, there are significant changes in business entities interaction. E-business is an effective tool to make settlements with customers, expand markets for goods... Information technologies and systems are developing rapidly. Therefore, there are significant changes in business entities interaction. E-business is an effective tool to make settlements with customers, expand markets for goods and services, seek new partners, and create a positive image. Certain business types are more favourable to introduce e-commerce; thus, their development level is higher. These are trade in intangible goods, securities, banking services, software development and implementation, information services, distance learning, etc. The purpose of this paper is to determine electronic commerce features in customer warranty and service. The following methods were used: bibliometric and content analysis in processing and searching literary sources; comparing protection of consumers interests; analysis and synthesis; consolidation and systematization, particularly in the analysis of legislation, literature, and statistics. Service and warranty are key commerce elements. They are customer services. For proper service and to be ahead of competitors, the consumers feedback, complaints, suggestions, recommendations, claims, constant response should be set up. Protecting consumer rights in e-commerce is ensured by On consumer rights protection, On electronic commerce, etc. Improving regulations between a consumer and a seller, and finding new implementing ways are necessary. Ukraine should fulfill its international legal obligations. Despite the fact that protection of consumer rights is regulated, e-commerce is not properly established and there is a negative experience in using it because of poor government control. E-commerce stores trends will allow achieving excellence, high ratings, and buyers confidence. The country should have a high-quality e-commerce service
  • Sonia Mileva Bojanova
    SOFIA CITY TOURIST IMAGE IN SELECTED SOCIAL MEDIA
    JEL: Z32, Z33
    Abstract: The pandemic situation greatly changed the entire tourism sector and influenced the digital search and importance of the tourist destination image and presence in social media. Moreover, the virtual trips, open galleries and... The pandemic situation greatly changed the entire tourism sector and influenced the digital search and importance of the tourist destination image and presence in social media. Moreover, the virtual trips, open galleries and museums for virtual tours are expected to generate future interest and enhance the tourist arrivals in post-pandemic era. At the same time the identification of recognizable image-making attractions at destination level is complex process and difficult measure and manage. The purpose of the study is to identify and evaluate the presence of major tourist attractions in different digital channels social media and platforms, as recognizable image-making sites about capital city. The methodology is primary data analysis of freely shared digital content based on key words and hashtags used in social media such as Instagram, Pinterest, Flikr. The data was gathered manually from 15th Apr 2015-15th May 2021 and 17000 posts in total were analysed for this study. The impact of the content was evaluated by type of pictures, major attractions and number of likes, comments and shares on the post. The results showed that there is limited number of digital contents related to the selected specific key words. There is no clear image of the Sofia city in the analysed social channels.
  • Alex Atanasov
    FROM BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS TO JUDICIAL HIERARCHIES: ERROR CORRECTION LESSONS
    Abstract: In this paper I am trying to answer the question of how analysis of business organizations can be useful in evaluating judicial hierarchy when it comes to error correction. I apply business organizational knowledge to analyse... In this paper I am trying to answer the question of how analysis of business organizations can be useful in evaluating judicial hierarchy when it comes to error correction. I apply business organizational knowledge to analyse judicial hierarchies by evaluating the economics of the correction of legal errors. The method I use is a multidisciplinary analysis drawing upon law, economics, game theory and business studies. The social, political and economic importance of judges dispensing justice correctly is fundamental; it enhances societal order, cohesion, efficiency, and behavioural predictability. I demonstrate that judicial hierarchies have mixed results in determining and correcting errors made by lower-level courts. During my examination, it becomes apparant that while the current degree of knowledge related to judicial hierarchies is limited, business studies can prove beneficial. I examine the following factors: the organization of modern business hierarchies, the complexities of judicial errors, the tension between individual and societal interests, the judicial process as a quasi-market, market failures and hierarchical solutions, errors as social dilemmas and failures of individual rationality