2023,  1

29.3.2023 .

  • Oksana Kiforenko
    THE EU POLICIES AS THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION TOOL TO INCREASE THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS EXPORTS
    : Agriculture is an important source of food for people, forage for animals and raw materials for processing industries. Effective public administration of such an important economy sector as agriculture and all the sectors connected... Agriculture is an important source of food for people, forage for animals and raw materials for processing industries. Effective public administration of such an important economy sector as agriculture and all the sectors connected with it is an absolute must for a sustainable development of every single village as well as the whole country/continent/world. The research was conducted with the help of the univariate, empirical and comparative analyses. For better visual representation of the analysis results, such visualization tools as tabular method, bar charts, graphs with markers were used in the research. The trend lines for both products types, being upward either during the researched timeframe or the next two years taken for the projection making, were built with the help of the exponential function, having been chosen from the exponential, linear, logarithmic, polynomial and power ones. The criterion for the choice of the appropriate function was the values of the R² coefficient. The research results testify to the effectiveness of the EU public administration for agriculture and agricultural products exports as well as the correctly created/chosen/implemented strategies/policies/initiatives. The research and its results are of great help for public administrators, companies engaged in the international trade for agricultural products of either the EU or any other country outside of the union as well as NGOs, beginners and experienced statisticians and data analysts.
  • Zalozhnev A. Yu, Chistov D. V.
    MODELS FOR MAKING DECISIONS ON PURCHASE VOLUMES DEPENDING ON THE ASSESSMENT OF UPCOMING RETAIL SALES
    : This article considers an economic system that consists of three types of business entities: a manufacturer, a distributor (wholesaler), and a retailer. Mathematical models that allow the distributor (wholesaler) to make informed... This article considers an economic system that consists of three types of business entities: a manufacturer, a distributor (wholesaler), and a retailer. Mathematical models that allow the distributor (wholesaler) to make informed decisions about the volume of goods purchased from the manufacturer are considered, using the assessment of upcoming retail sales, assuming that the manufacturer's selling price depends on the volume of purchases. Models are built from the standpoint of resolving conflicts between participants in the decision-making process: purchasing managers who strive to have enough inventory and financiers who want to reduce this volume, for example, to increase the liquidity of the organization's assets or reduce storage costs. The constructed models allow the distributor to solve the problem of determining the optimal volume of goods to purchase that will maximize additional profit
  • , ,
    THE NON-LIFE INSURANCE MARKET IN BULGARIA 15 YEARS AFTER THE COUNTRY'S ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
    JEL: G22, G52.
    : The main aim of the study is to establish the state and development of the leading insurance industry in our country Non-Life Insurance, as well as to outline its importance as an economic sector and to determine its market... The main aim of the study is to establish the state and development of the leading insurance industry in our country Non-Life Insurance, as well as to outline its importance as an economic sector and to determine its market structures after Bulgaria's accession to the European Union in 2007. The article traces the dynamics of gross written premiums realised by insurers in Non-Life Insurance during the period 2007-2021. The place of Non-Life Insurance in the Bulgarian economy has been established through the indicators "insurance penetration" and "insurance density". Its product structure for the same period has also been studied. As a result of the research, it is concluded that Non-Life Insurance in Bulgaria occupies a small share of the country's economy; Bulgarian citizens do not spend enough money on insurance, and the product structure of the market is dominated by Motor Insurance.

  • THE AREAL AS A TOOL FOR LOCAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AND PROSUMING (A vision)
    JEL: R11, R58.
    : Strategic turns in regional development are a serious challenge. They lead to actions related to the rationalisation of the management of administrative units and territorial systems, to their linking in order to seek synergistic... Strategic turns in regional development are a serious challenge. They lead to actions related to the rationalisation of the management of administrative units and territorial systems, to their linking in order to seek synergistic effects. The article deals with a problem related to the creation of associations of municipalities, here conventionally called areals. This idea develops in the direction of their aggregation, conforming to, and responding to the megatrend of local prosuming. Emphasis is placed on the configuration and role of the areal. Strategic issues that accompany the formation of areals are formulated including models that can become the basis for visioning, strategizing and planning. On this basis, an integral model (vision) for the formation of a specific areal in the Southernmost Danube Arc, called Svibenik (Svishtov - Belene - Nikopol) is launched. The intention is also to combine in one the theory with the design of a real areal structure.
  • Angel Stoykov
    THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON ADVERTISING TOURISM SERVICES (IN THE EXAMPLE OF BULGARIA)
    : This article aims to provide an in-depth review of current literature related to the rapid and inevitable spread of social networks as a source of information influencing consumer opinion. To achieve this, it looks at how internet... This article aims to provide an in-depth review of current literature related to the rapid and inevitable spread of social networks as a source of information influencing consumer opinion. To achieve this, it looks at how internet platforms are becoming an invariable part of the user's daily life. The main trends showing the place and role of social networks such as advertising tools in the tourism industry are revealed. It also examines their impact on the end user, tourist preferences, how they change and comply with new understandings. Two hypotheses are put forward for proof. In the course of the research, the following scientific methods were used: analysis, synthesis, graphical and systems approach.
  • Giga Abuseridze, Nino Paresashvili, Teona Maisuradze, Badri Gechbaia, Levan Gvarishvili, Janis Grasis
    COVID-19 AND RELATED GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS IMPACT ON EMPLOYMENT IN GEORGIA
    : Due to the pandemic, 2020 became one of the most memorable years in the world history. It affected employment as well. Georgia was one of the countries which experienced the pan-demic impacts on its citizens. The unemployment rate... Due to the pandemic, 2020 became one of the most memorable years in the world history. It affected employment as well. Georgia was one of the countries which experienced the pan-demic impacts on its citizens. The unemployment rate increased by 2,1% within a year and reached 20,6% in 2021. Despite state regulations and restrictions, Georgia was among the most vulnerable countries to COVID-19 spreading. It caused severe results on employment and the whole economy. The paper aims to define and analyze the impact of COVID-19 and related state regulations impact on employment in Georgia as well as to identify the tendencies based on the qualitative analysis of the surveys conducted in Georgia. The existing literature and available information on the impact of COVID-19 on the economy and employment is reviewed. Comparative analysis of the EU and Georgian state regulations related to COVID-19 is provided. Data used in the paper is of secondary type. Graphs are used to visualize data, and analysis of statistical observation is applied. Georgian researchers findings are also used. Significant evaluations and analyses are drawn depending on the collected data relating to COVID-19 impact on the economy, employment and people's perception. Some authors predictions are presented as well.